Abanindranath was an enigma and continues to be one. His Bharat Mata has been the perfect representation of Mother India. Painted in 1905, the year of Bengal Partition of 1905, Mother is depicted wearing a saffron wrap, like a ‘Sadhvi’.
During the time of the plague in Kolkata (1905), she helped the people in many ways—cleaning up the area, and encouraging the youth to partake in community service. While she can be termed as a social activist, there are some other aspects of Sister Nivedita which calls for a discussion.